Flood in Pakistan: More than 1350 people have been killed in Pakistan this year. 5 crore people have had to leave their homes and take shelter elsewhere.
Image Credit source: PTI
global warming Talks have been going on about this for years. Concerns are also being expressed, but now its ill effects are starting to come to the fore. Today the deluge has created havoc in Pakistan, so tomorrow our number can also come. Pakistan A major reason behind the severe floods in the Himalayas is the rapid melting of glaciers. The situation is dangerous because it is melting faster than we imagine. floods in pakistan Since then, more than 1350 people have lost their lives due to floods. Due to the rapid melting of Himalayan glaciers along with heavy rains, such a frightening situation has been created in Pakistan.
Researchers from IIT Indore have studied Himalayan glaciers. It was recorded in this study that this year due to severe heat and heatwave, glaciers are melting rapidly. This team has been studying ice, its thickness, its formation process and melting of ice for the last 15 years. Talking to a website, glaciologist Mohammad Farooq Azam of IIT Indore told about this increasing threat. He said, ‘We started the process of measuring snow in June and till August we did not even find any traces of snow there. In March this year itself, there was such a severe heat that the record of the last 100 years was broken. As a result, the ice began to melt rapidly. Last week also our team was in Himalaya and we found glacier melting at record level.
This is the main reason for the floods in Pakistan
Too much rain has increased the problems in Pakistan, but more problems are being caused by the melting of glaciers. Due to the heat along with the rains, the glaciers are melting rapidly and its water is moving very fast towards Pakistan. Due to this, a dangerous situation has arisen in the neighboring country. This type of situation is being called glacial lake flood. Glaciers are formed from many layers of ice and due to gravity and light, they move down very fast. Glaciers can travel hundreds of kilometers from high mountains to the ground very fast. It is not only that glaciers are melting in the Himalayas, but it is also being seen on the high hills of Europe.
This has raised concern
The matter of concern about the Himalayas is that after the North and South poles, the largest frozen fresh water is here. In the study conducted by IIT Indore in 2021, it was revealed that glaciers and ice are retreating very fast in this area and if this continues, then in 100 years the water supply will be completely stopped. Whereas the water here meets the needs of billions of people. If they are not stopped from melting, then there is going to be a severe shortage of water in future.
40 percent of glaciers lost
Researchers found in a study last year that up to 40 percent of glaciers in the region have disappeared. In 2020, 19,600 square kilometers of glaciers melted, while in 2021 it increased to 28,000 square kilometers. During this 390 cubic kilometers of ice melted. Due to the continuous melting of snow, more than 50 million people in Pakistan are facing the brunt of the floods.
400 percent more rain in Balochistan
The situation of heavy rain in Pakistan is that Balochistan and Sindh received 400 percent more rain than normal. Here 20 dams have filled three times more water. In the year 2010 too, Pakistan had faced similar severe floods. About 2000 people died at that time. More than 1350 people have been killed in Pakistan this year. 5 crore people have had to leave their homes and take shelter elsewhere. More than 10 lakh houses have been washed away in the flood waters. $10 billion in damage has been done.