Freedom Struggle: This year on 15th August 2022, 75 years of our country’s independence are going to be completed. Along with the heroes, the heroines have also played a big role in the freedom struggle. According to historical documents, the first freedom struggle of India is considered to be 1857. But even before this, many efforts were made to get the British rule out of India. The pages of the history of the freedom struggle of 1857 are full of freedom. But the struggle cannot be given the name of men only. In the fight for freedom, there is also a mention of those bravehearts who have given their lives to get freedom.
Rani Lakshmi Bai
The name of Lakshmi Bai is taken in the pages of history with great valor and heroic stories. Even today, many people of Bundelkhand come alive in stories and folk songs. The British rulers forced Rani Laxmibai to take her pension from the fort of Jhansi. But Lakshmibai fought her battle without giving up. Rani formed a large army in 1857 with neighboring states and distant claimants of Jhansi’s momentum and attacked Jhansi in March 1858. At the same time, it remained in front of the great military power of the British. On 17 June 1857, the British fired on the queen in the battle of Sarai of Kota, 5 miles from Gwalior. Due to which Rani Lakshmibai fell from the horse and attained Veergati.
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At the behest of the great revolutionary Chandrashekhar Azad, the wife of Bhavaticharan Vohra, who made the document ‘The Philosophy of Bomb’, was famous by the name Durga Bhabhi. She was an active revolutionary. He played an important role in escaping Bhagat Singh from Lahore. In the year 1928, when Bhagat Singh and Rajguru were leaving for Kolkata from Lahore after the death of the English officer Saunders, to hide their identity, Durga Bhabhi became the wife of Bhagat Singh and became the servant of Rajguru Bhagat Singh. Durga Bhabhi presided over a meeting in Lahore in the year 1927 to prepare a strategy to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai. After this, 11 English officers were injured while killing Haley, the Governor of Mumbai. Who was killed by Durga Bhabhi. Two warrants also came against Durga Bhabhi in this case. After absconding for more than 2 years, Durga Bhabhi was arrested in Lahore in 1931.
Begum Hazrat Mahal
The British ousted the Nawab of Awadh, Wajid Ali Shah, from his throne. But his Begum Hazrat Mahal left no stone unturned to stun the East India Company. Hazrat crowned his 11-year-old son Birjis Qadr as the crown of Awadh in 1857 after the battle of Chinhat. The result of this battle was that the British were forced to take refuge in the Lucknow Resident. Hazrat Mahal, as the representative of his son’s throne, took over the reign of Awadh for 10 months and fought with the British till the last. After this he had to go to Nepal and he died in the same year 1879.
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Before Rani Lakshmibai, Queen Chennamma of Kittur had left no stone unturned to sour the teeth of the British. Chennamma is also known as Lakshmibai of the South. She was the first Indian queen to enter an armed field against the British. At that time, her military power was less than the English army but in terms of courage and courage, she was more than the British East India Company. After marrying King Mallasarja of Desai dynasty, one became the queen of Kittur. Son’s death in 1824, he adopted a child Shivlingappa and made him his heir. The queen along with her companions fought the British fiercely. The British imprisoned the queen in the fort of Belhongal and here on 21 February 1829, the queen breathed her last.
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