Sher Shah Suri
Ibrahim Lodi in Panipat and to eat In 1526 after defeating Rana Sangram Singh in the battle of Mughal Sultanate The foundation was laid, it started cracking in just 14 years. Only 10 years after Humayun took over the throne Babar The rebellion of a special soldier had driven the Mughals from the Indian soil. This was the time when the Afghan Empire emerged. The hero of this rebellion was Sher Shah Suri who was once Babur’s special person.
It is said that when Shershah had accepted Babur’s service, Babur had told the royal courtiers that he is very clever, keep an eye on him, but Babar himself, being a connoisseur of humans, could not recognize him. Humayun became a victim of Shershah’s treacherous diplomacy, who had to leave the throne and the crown and run away from here.
Sher Shah used to get annoyed with the Mughals
Sher Shah Suri was very irritated by the Mughals, according to the book History of Mughal India, he had chosen to live among the Mughals because he could know their weakness. He also said that Mughals are not fighters like us, they are ruling here by taking advantage of the disunity of India. It is said that Babar had advised Humayun to divide the kingdom with his brothers, Sher Shah Suri had helped Humayun the most in this work. He got the partition done in such a way that the split started in the royal family from 1531 itself.
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This is how the rise happened
Sher Shah’s real name was Farid, he was the eldest of eight children of father Hasan. In 1484, Farid left the house and went to Jaunpur. He first became a cleric. In 1497, Miyan Hasan gave him the jagir of Shahabad in Bihar. When Farid’s step mother came to know about this, she persuaded Hasan not to do so. At that time India was ruled by Ibrahim Lodi. He went to Ibrahim Lodi to seek help for the property to remain in his name. After this he met Sultan Muhammad Nuhani of Bihar. When Ibrahim Lodi was defeated in Panipat, Sher Shah supported Nuhani. Meanwhile, he killed a lion without a weapon, by which he was given the title of Sher Khan.
When worked with Babar
Sher Shah stayed in Agra for some time. He worked with outsiders and understood the functioning of the Mughals. He returned to Bihar in 1528, but remained in contact with the Mughals. After the death of Sultan Muhammad Nuhani, he became the ruler of Bihar and to keep him safe, befriended Nusrat Shah, the ruler of Bengal. Gradually he kept getting stronger. By 1536, he had extended the border of Bihar till Sikri Gali. Seeing his increasing power, Humayun ordered to attack Bihar and Bengal. Here Humayun captured Sher Shah’s son Qutb Khan and sent him to Agra under the supervision of 500 soldiers.
This is how the king of India became
Humayun was alert, he laid siege to Sher Shah, but was not getting success, Qutub Khan was also somehow freed from captivity. Humayun had captured some forts from Sher Shah. That’s why Sher Shah sent a proposal that if he is made a feudatory of Bengal, he will give Bihar, but Humayun did not accept the proposal and attacked. Humayun’s attention was on Bihar, but by then Sher Shah had captured Banaras, Chunar, Jaunpur, Kannauj and Patna.
On this Humayun had to decide to return to Agra. According to the book History of Mughal India, the soldiers of Humayun’s army were falling ill with malaria, their horses also died. Apart from this, his relative Kamran had traveled from Lahore to Agra. Humayun was stuck in the middle. In 1540, Sher Shah attacked Humayun near Kannauj, in which the Mughals were badly defeated. Humayun survived, but stayed away from India for the next 15 years.