Dengue patients feel extreme tiredness and weakness, due to which they find it difficult to get out of bed even for small tasks.
Dengue cases increased.
On Tuesday (September 27, 2022), 1,375 new dengue cases have been registered in West Bengal. He also informed that 724 dengue patients are admitted in state hospitals and most of the cases have been reported from North 24-Parganas and South 24 Parganas, Howrah and Birbhum districts. The positivity rate has increased from 10 percent to 12 percent in the last ten days and most of the cases have come from North 24 Parganas, South 24 Parganas, Howrah, Kolkata, Hooghly, Murshidabad, Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling districts.
dengue cases in india
Not only in West Bengal, but also in many other states of the country, the cases of dengue have increased rapidly, in view of which it seems necessary to take appropriate steps to prevent this disease. Several positive cases were registered in Delhi on Monday (September 26, 2022) amid increasing infection of dengue, after which the number of dengue patients in the capital increased to 129 in the last seven days. Delhi Municipal Corporation figures show that 525 cases of dengue have been reported so far this monsoon season. This number is the highest in the last four years. Government officials have passed orders for hospitals to be alert and ready to treat dengue patients.
A weakening of the immune system is a common symptom in people suffering from severe dengue infection. Dr Tripti Gilada, Infectious Disease Consultant Physician at Masina Hospital, Mumbai, told Tv9 that dengue patients feel extremely tired and weak, due to which they find it difficult to get out of bed even for small tasks. In addition, dengue fever can weaken the body’s immune system so much for a few weeks that the person becomes vulnerable to other infections.
Experts fear complications in dengue cases
Dr. Gilada says that pain in muscles, joints and bones is a common symptom during dengue fever. Because of this, dengue is also called ‘breakbone fever’. But the symptoms of polyarthralgia (extreme pain in multiple joints) and myalgias (muscle pain) can persist for several days after dengue fever has gone.
The important thing is that experts have warned this time about complications in dengue cases. Dr Rajesh Gadia, Consulting Physician, KEM Hospital, says that in most cases, dengue infection is mild. However, cases can be severe due to the prevalent serotypes and some cases, mostly from Baramati and Phaltan – show shock and fluid in the lungs of patients. Dr Gadiya has told the Indian Express that these cases range from fever to bleeding and shock during checkups. Their treatment depends on the age of the patient, immunity level and the status of virus infection.
Dengue can cause serious infection
Along with this, health experts have also raised concerns over hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) which is a rare complication. In this, there is swelling in the tissues and it can also be aggravated by infection or other immune disorders. This disorder usually occurs in people in whom it remains dormant due to genes. This is seen not only in dengue but also in other infections. According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, HLH is a rare disease that usually occurs in infants and young children. This disease is usually genetic in children. Although it can also happen in adults. Many different conditions can cause HLH in adults, including infections and cancer.
If a person is suffering from HLH then his immune system does not work normally. In such a situation, some white blood cells, histiocytes and lymphocytes together attack other blood cells. These abnormal blood cells get deposited in your spleen and liver, causing swelling in these organs.
Nausea and loss of appetite are often seen in dengue patients, which makes it difficult for the body to meet the increased nutritional deficiencies due to the disease. Dr Gilada says that apart from these reasons, due to the increased metabolism due to fever, the weight of the patient also decreases in dengue. This can also lead to deficiency of minerals and vitamins in the body.
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