Doctors say that the waterlogging caused by heavy rains gives rise to many health concerns. In such places, there is also a risk of spreading diseases like typhoid, cholera.
Image Credit source: PTI
Neighboring countries of Indiafloods in pakistan It has destroyed more than a million homes, and caused extensive damage to critical infrastructure, including health facilities, across the country. Bhambro is surrounded by vast stretches of floodplain farmland, its roads filled with mud, debris, and manure – ideal conditions for outbreaks of skin diseases such as malaria, cholera, and herpes scabies. The impact of the heavy monsoon rains that started in Pakistan from mid-July 2022 is severe, affecting 33 million people in 116 districts across the country, with 66 districts being the worst affected.
Dr Sajjad Memon, one of the doctors at the clinic run by the Alkhidmat Foundation, said, “Due to dirty, stagnant water and unhygienic conditions, skin diseases are the main problem here.” On Tuesday, he examined patients reporting itching and rashes with the flashlight of their mobile phone. Many people had to make their way to the clinic by walking barefoot amidst the muddy water and mud of the flood. Azra Bhambro, a 23-year-old woman who came to the clinic to help, said, “My baby’s and my leg are burning with pain.” Dr Abdul Aziz, the doctor in charge of Alkhidmat’s clinics in the area, told AFP that cases of scabies and fungal infections were on the rise.
Water logging can cause many diseases
Dr Suranjit Chatterjee, Senior Consultant, Apollo Hospitals told TV9, “The waterlogging caused by heavy rains gives rise to many health concerns. In such places, water-borne diseases such as typhoid, cholera, shigella (a bacterium that causes diarrhea), dysentery (dysentery), amoebiasis and hepatitis A are commonly seen. There is also a high risk of mosquito-borne diseases like dengue, malaria and chikungunya.
These diseases can be serious, he said, “Gastrointestinal diseases are a common health problem faced by people during the monsoon season. Since water is more prone to contamination, jaundice, vomiting, and diarrhea are also common. Apart from this, other viruses like COVID-19 can also survive, which adds to the trouble.”
Dr Sumit Agarwal, Internal Medicine Specialist, General Physician, and Senior Consultant, Sarvodaya Hospital and Research Center said that monsoon brings with it a lot of dampness and moisture, which can lead to mold growth on the walls. “Although the fungus is not seen only during monsoons, the moisture of the rain can exacerbate the problem, leading to respiratory problems. It is more complicated for the elderly and immunocompromised people.
major health hazards
The World Health Organization (WHO) has warned in a statement that millions of people affected by floods face major health threats, including potentially deadly diseases such as malaria and dengue. Sindh province in Pakistan’s south has been particularly badly affected, with large tracts of land submerged in flood waters and forcing villagers to move to major cities for shelter, food aid, and medical aid. has to happen.
Before the floods began in Pakistan in 2022, 4,531 cases of measles (measles), and 15 cases of wild polio virus were reported. Rain and floods have also disrupted the nationwide polio vaccination campaign in the affected areas.
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