Angioplasty is a better way to open clogged arteries than bypass surgery, yet there are some risks associated with this procedure. It can damage many parts of the body.
Image Credit source: Dainik bhaskar
famous comedian Raju Srivastava He was cremated on Thursday at Nigambodh Ghat in New Delhi. Raju Srivastava during a workout on August 10, 2022 heart attack Was lying. He was then taken to the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and underwent angioplasty. He was put under medical supervision after he experienced chest pain during a workout in the gym. He was on ventilator for 42 days. The hospital did a virtual autopsy of Raju Srivastava through CT scan and X-ray.
Angioplasty uses a small balloon catheter that is inserted into a blocked blood vessel to help widen it and improve blood flow to the heart. But there are many risks associated with this process. According to Dr. Dheeraj Gandotra, Cardiologist, Fortis Hospital, “Stent thrombosis, also known as Abrupt vessel closure and Acute stent thrombosis, is one of the fatal complications of angioplasty.”
He said that despite the best equipment and treatment, some percent of the patients suffer from stent closure. “Globally 3 percent to 5 percent of surgeries result in stent thrombosis,” he said.
There is also the problem of stent thrombosis.
Stent thrombosis (ST) can occur due to various mechanisms. Patient-related factors including pharmacological factors, wound- and procedure-related factors, and post-procedural factors. According to a report, ST can be linked to death. “Stent thrombosis is associated with higher rates of mortality and mortality, often leading to cardiac death or nonfatal myocardial infarction,” the report said.
Other risk factors associated with angioplasty
Although angioplasty is a less invasive method of opening clogged arteries than bypass surgery, there are some risks associated with this procedure.
1.narrowing of your artery– When angioplasty is combined with drug-eluting stent placement, there is a small risk that the artery to be treated will become clogged again. When bare metal stents are used, the risk of re-narrowing of the artery is high.
2.blood clotBlood clots can form inside the stent even after the procedure. These clots can block the artery causing a heart attack. Aspirin must be taken together with clopidogrel, prasugrel, or any other medicine that helps reduce the risk of blood clots as prescribed to reduce the chance of clots forming in your stent.
3.BleedingYou may have bleeding in the leg or arm where the catheter was inserted. Usually this is due to a wound but sometimes there is heavy bleeding and may require blood transfusion or surgical procedure.
4.heart attackAlthough this is very rare, you may have a heart attack during the procedure.
5.coronary artery damageCoronary artery may burst or get damaged during the procedure. These complications may require emergency bypass surgery.
6.kidney problemsThe dye used during angioplasty and stent placement can damage the kidneys, especially in people who already have kidney problems. If you are at high risk, your doctor may take steps to protect your kidneys such as limiting the amount of contrast dye used and making sure you are well hydrated during the procedure.
7.stroke – Stroke during angioplasty can occur when plaques loosen when the catheter is threaded through the aorta. Blood clots can also form in the catheter and can reach the brain if they loosen. A stroke is a very rare complication of coronary angioplasty. Blood thinners are used during the procedure to reduce the risk.
8.abnormal heart rhythm (Abnormal heart rhythms) – During the procedure, the heart may beat too fast or too slowly. These heart rhythm problems are usually short-lived, but sometimes they require medications or a temporary pacemaker.
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